This Site is dedicated to the Seyyed Kamal Asfaram a.k.a Shwane Qadri, a courageous Kurdish youth who was brutally killed by Iranian Pasdaran in July 2005, and also to the  Eastern Kurdistan people for their resilience and endurance.

I am Kurdish

I challenge Poverty, Privation, pain.
I resist times of oppression with strength.
I have courage.
I do not love angel eyes,
Skin white as marble.
I love the rocks, the hills, the peaks
lost among the clouds.
I challenge misfortune, misery, solitude
And I shall never be a slave of the enemy,
never grant him treaty!
I challenge batons, chains, torture.
And even if my body lies torn in pieces,
With all my strength I shall scream:
I am Kurdish.

Poet: Hemen Mokryani *
Translation : Desmond O'Grady

*Hemen Mokryani (1921-1986)
Hemen Mokryani was born near Mahabad, Lachin Village, and like another Kurdish Poet Hajar, 1920-1991, was an official poet during the brief life of Republic of Mahabad. He spent a great part of his life in prison, internment and exile. From 1968 to 1979 he lived in Southern Kurdistan. He returned to Eastern Kurdistan in 1979 and settled in Urmia, dedicating himself totally to a literary life.

Latest News - Eastern Kurdistan

Kurdish intellectuals in Sinne under threat
Finnish Kurds condemn Iran’s suppressionof Kurdish protests
HRW: Iran Must Investigate Killings and Release Detained Activists
Several killed, martial law still in force across Eastern Kurdistan
The international community’s silence over the suppression of Kurds in Eastern Kurdistan
Amnesty International calls for an urgent investigation into the killing of demonstrators inIran
Crackdown on Kurdish press following clashes in Kurdistan
Iraqi Kurds protest, saying Iran has detained Kurds
6th of August named as day of protest in East Kurdistan
Iran sends in troops to Eastern Kurdistan
Leading Human Rights Defender Detained as Protests Mount in Iran’s Kurdish Region
String of arrests in volatile Kurdish towns in Iran
Iran police fire on Kurdish protesters from chopper
Demonstration in Saghez – Eastern Kurdistan
Six dead in protests in Sinne, Eastern Kurdistan
Demonstration in Sanandaj, Eastern Kurdistan - two children killed
Kurd killed by Iranian soldiers during demonstration
Martial law declared in Mahabad, tension on the rise
Condemnation of the Iranian state’s repressive policy towards the Kurdish people in Iranian Kurdistan
Mahabad On Fire

Iranian gov. tries to cut off Mahabad from the outside world
Demonstrations, protests spread from Mahabad to other cities in Eastern Kurdistan
Iran: Clashes erupt in Mahabad, SSF vehicle set on fire
Senior commander killed in Iran clashes
Tension in Mahabad like ordeal
Thousands in Mahabad protests the killing of young Kurd
Iran Security Forces Kill Youth At Point Blank, Drag Body In Town
Tensions rises in Mahabad City after death of young Kurdish man

The international community’s silence over the suppression of Kurds in Eastern Kurdistan

06 August 2005 - By Dr Hussein Tahiri
Since the killing of Shivane Qaderi, a Kurdish activist, by Iranian forces in the town of Mahabad on 9 July 2005, Kurdish towns and cities have experienced an unprecedented unrest. It started when the security forces tied Shivane Qaderi’s body to a car and dragged him through the streets and then took him to the police station and tortured him to death. This news caused uproar among the people of Mahabad which led to a series of demonstrations in the city. Other Kurdish towns and cities took to the streets in support of the people of Mahabad. The Iranian security forces brutally suppressed the demonstrators which caused the death of about 20, and injuring and arrest of hundreds of people. Since then, many Kurdish activists have been arrested and two Kurdish newspapers have been closed down.

Suppression of the Kurds is nothing new in Iran. The Kurds have been subjected to repressive measures by different Iranian regimes since the early 20th century and they have been denied of their basic human rights. Just last week a United Nations’ report stated, “Regions historically occupied by Kurds ... seem to suffer disproportionate inadequacy of services such as water and electricity and unsatisfactory reconstruction efforts”.[1] The Islamic Republic of Iran instead of addressing the concerns of the people of Kurdistan has been using repressive measures by deploying thousands of security forces.

The Islamic Republic must have realised by now that there is no military solution to the Kurdish problem in Eastern Kurdistan. The more it prolongs, the more complex the Kurdish problem gets, which may affect the existence of the entire country. The Iranian Government has only two choices: either to recognise the rights of non-Persian peoples within Iran, or Iran, sooner or later, will face disintegration.

What is more concerning is that in the 21st century still the Iranian regime uses one of the most barbaric methods to suppress the Kurds. It is a disgrace to human dignity to tie a person who has been shot to a car and then drag him in the streets and then torture him to death. Just imagine what animal rights groups would do if Shivane Qaderi was a whale or even a sheep.

Unfortunately, but not surprisingly, the international community has again remained silent over the issue which has encouraged the Islamic regime of Iran to continue its killing and suppression of the Kurds. Political and non-political organisations throughout the world that claim to defend human rights have expressed no voice over the issue, sticking to their decades old policies.[2]

Not much has been heard from the world’s “independent” media. The world media has mostly remained silent over the issue. Major world media outlets such as BBC, CNN, Reuters, AP have very rarely mentioned the brutal suppression of the Kurds, considering the issue not worthy of being covered.

France, Germany and the United Kingdom are more concerned about their strategic interests in the region by preventing Iran from building nuclear weapons. It seems that suppression of the Kurds is the least of the things that would bother them.

The European Union, as usual, has not voiced any concerns over this suppression. For decades, they have continued their relations with the Islamic Republic of Iran in the name of “critical dialogue”, despite widespread human right abuses. The suppression of Kurdish demonstrators has proved that this “critical dialogue” has not worked so far and there is no indication that it will. The Iranian government is well aware that Western Europe uses the term “critical dialogue”, not out of a genuine concern for human rights abuses in Iran, but to preserve their own economic interests.

Despite many expectations, the United States has kept quiet over the issue and has remained indifferent. Looking at the history of the United States this indifference might not be surprising. However, the Kurds nearly came to believe George W. Bush when on 20 January 2005, he was sworn in for the second term as the President of the United States. He delivered a historic address to the Americans and other peoples of the world in which he said that the United States will encourage freedom movements and support the oppressed. Bush stated, “Our goal instead is to help others find their own voice, attain their own freedom, and make their own way.”[3] He continued:

"We will persistently clarify the choice before every ruler and every nation: The moral choice between oppression, which is always wrong, and freedom, which is eternally right. America will not pretend that jailed dissidents prefer their chains, or that women welcome humiliation and servitude, or that any human being aspires to live at the mercy of bullies."[4]

The Kurds in Eastern Kurdistan have been suppressed and oppressed by the Islamic Republic of Iran since 1979. What has the USA “clarified” with the clergy rulers in Iran over the human rights issues in general and the Kurdish rights in particular? What has been done about “jailed dissidents” or “womens humiliation and servitude”?

Bush stated, “All who live in tyranny and hopelessness can know: the United States will not ignore your oppression, or excuse your oppressors. When you stand for your liberty, we will stand with you.”[5] It is time to ask George W. Bush why have he has “ignored” the plight of the Kurds? Kurds have found “their own voice” and they want to make “their own way”. So far, about 20 Kurds have been killed and hundreds injured and arrested for demanding their liberty and freedom. The Kurds in Eastern Kurdistan expected from you to “stand with them”.

Mr. Bush said, “America, in this young century, proclaims liberty throughout the world, and to all the inhabitants thereof”. “One day this untamed fire of freedom will reach the darkest corners of our world”, and that it would be “dishonourable to abandon” them. The Kurds are asking him what has happened to those promises? Were they merely words or is he going to honour them?

To conclude, the recent demonstrations in Eastern Kurdistan are another proof that the Kurds can not rely on outside powers to demand their freedom; they have to rely on their own resources. Kurdish freedom will come through Kurdish unity and cooperation, not through “critical dialogue” of the European countries, nor through George W. Bush’s promise of supporting the “oppressed” in their struggle for “freedom” and “liberty”.

It is time for the Kurds in all parts of Kurdistan to form a coordination committee formed of all Kurdish political organisations in Kurdistan to promote understanding between them, encourage cooperation and work towards a common purpose.


1. Reuters, 30 July 2005.
2. On 6 August 2005, for the first time, Amnesty International, USA, voiced its concerns about the suppression of the Kurds in Eastern Kurdistan.
3. US President George Bush’s inaugural address following his swearing-in on Thursday for a second four-year term on 20 January 2005.
4. Ibid.
5. Ibid.

Several killed, martial law still in force across Eastern Kurdistan

London ( 09 August 2005: On Tuesday martial law was still in force in the majority of the provinces of Eastern Kurdistan.

According to reports reaching, Mahabad is at the moment relatively calm, but tense. Schools are all occupied by the security forces, some with heavy weaponry. Helicopters are flying over the city for surveillance, looking for gatherings. Eyewitnesses reported that more army armoured vehicles have entered the city via the main roads.

A demonstration was organised for 10:00 pm in Kermanshah on Tuesday. One local described the situation of the city as tense and “the number of soldiers in the city are more than the number residents.

According to Seqiz residents talking to, over 2000 Republican Guards were patrolling the city. One local said, “Even breathing at the moment is difficult.” Families of the killed have been demanded by the authorities to pay 5 million Iranian Tumans each in fines for the “anti-social behaviour" of their relatives.

In Kamiyaran, two people were killed by the Iranian security forces and dozens were arrested, can inform. No further information has been available yet on this incident.

In Bokan, the security forces arrested three civilians after house-by-house searches on Sunday evening.

In Sinne on Saturday, a 22 year old boy was shot by the security forces. He was identified as Zana Ashiyani, son of Muhedin, and died on Sunday at 1:00 am due to the seriousness of his injures.

In Bane on Sunday, a bomb exploded near the city’s main court. No one was injured. Movement has been extremely restricted and every step is under surveillance by the security forces, was told by Bane residents.

Leading Human Rights Defender Detained as Protests Mount in Iran’s Kurdish Region

NEW YORK - Dr. Roya Toloui, a champion of the rights of Iran’s Kurdish minority and of women’s rights was detained from her home in Sanandaj yesterday, Tuesday August 2. Human Rights First is calling for her immediate and unconditional release from detention and for the release of all those detained after a demonstration in Sanandaj, the capital of Iran’s Kordestan province, on Monday August 1.

There has been mounting unrest in Iran’s Kurdish region since the presidential elections in late June, which saw the election of Mahmoud Ahmadenejad, a candidate closely identified with Iran’s ruling clerical establishment. President Ahmadenejad is viewed as hostile to Kurdish aspirations for greater equality and respect for their distinct cultural and religious traditions.

Roya Toloui is an outspoken critic of the policies of the Islamic Republic and its negative impact on the rights of women and religious and ethnic minorities. Her public comments have brought her to the attention of the authorities and she was summoned to appear before a Revolutionary Court in April 2005 to face accusations that her non-violent activism “endangered national security.”

“Courageous activists in Iran will not give up their efforts to secure respect for their basic rights and freedoms,” said Neil Hicks, Director of International Programs at Human Rights First. “Government repression will only make them more determined.”

On July 9, 2005 security forces in Mahabad, a predominantly Kurdish city in West Azerbaijan province, shot and killed Shovan Ghaderi a leading youth activist and a member of the Association of Human Rights for Iranian Kurds. Press reports indicate that Revolutionary Guards and paramilitaries fired on a group of young men, wounding Ghaderi in the foot after he had approached the soldiers to see what they wanted. After shooting him twice more, soldiers tied his body to a military vehicle and dragged it through the city in a clear attempt to intimidate the population and deter further protests. Shovan Ghaderi’s killing has become the focus of mounting protests throughout Iran’s predominantly Kurdish provinces.

Kurds are a minority in Iran, comprising some ten percent of the population, concentrated in the western provinces of the country. They are economically disadvantaged and their distinctive language and culture has suffered in comparison to the dominant Persian culture. Moreover, most Kurds are Sunni Muslims, a religious minority in the Shi’ite Islamic Republic. Kurds had hoped for an improvement in their situation under President Mohamed Khatami, but their hopes, together with those of many of their compatriots who had hoped for promised political reform under Khatami, were not realized in eight years of his presidency.

Iran: Security Forces Kill Kurdish Protestors

(New York, August 11, 2005) - The Iranian government must investigate the deaths of at least 17 people at the hands of security forces in the western province of Kurdistan over the past two weeks, Human Rights Watch said today.

Security forces reportedly also wounded hundreds when they opened fire on
demonstrators protesting the killing of a young Kurdish man, Shivan Qaderi, on July 9.

In addition, the government forces arrested hundreds of people throughout the province, including Roya Toloui, a women's rights activist, and several other leading human rights defenders and journalists.

On July 9, security forces shot and killed Shivan Qaderi in Mahabad. Kurdish groups, quoting Qaderi's brother, said that Qaderi was approached by the security forces in public, shot three times, and then tied to a military vehicle and dragged around the city. According to these reports, Qaderi was a social and political activist, but government authorities have accused him of “moral and financial violations.”
In the wake of Qaderi's murder, protests erupted in several cities and towns in Kurdistan. Protestors demanded that the government apprehend Qaderi's killers and put them on trial. Some of the protests reportedly involved attacks on government buildings and offices. Human Rights Watch obtained a list of 17 protestors killed by the security forces, including three people shot dead in Oshnavieh on July 26, two people shot dead in Baneh on July 30, one person shot dead in Sardasht on August 2, and 11 people shot dead in Saqqez on August 3.

“The Iranian government needs to conduct a full and impartial investigation into the violent response to the recent protests in Kurdistan,” said Hadi Ghaemi, Iran researcher for Human Rights Watch. “Officials who are responsible for any excessive use of lethal force must be prosecuted.”

On August 7, officials of the Interior Ministry said that two men died in Saqqez on August 3, but they denied that government forces had fired on protestors. However, two residents of Saqqez told Human Rights Watch that Special Units (Yiganhay-e Vizhe) of the Revolutionary Guards fired indiscriminately in an effort to disperse the crowds.

“The security forces moved towards the protestors while shooting directly at them,” one eyewitness told Human Rights Watch. Eyewitnesses also told Human Rights Watch that one of the dead in Saqqez, Mohammad Shariati, was shot in the head.

“As his family tried to retrieve his body, the security forces pointed their guns at them and threatened to shoot them. Then they started beating his family with batons,” said an eyewitness who told Human Rights Watch that she saw Shariati fall to the ground.

In addition, eyewitnesses said that the security forces in Saqqez flew helicopters quite low in an effort to disperse the demonstrators, who numbered in the hundreds.

According to local residents, major cities in Kurdistan remain surrounded by units of the Revolutionary Guard and that an undeclared martial law is effectively in place throughout the region.

Iranian authorities blamed the unrest on “hooligan and criminal elements” and charged that “public and state-owned buildings, including banks, were damaged.” Human Rights Watch recognizes the responsibility of the government to take steps to deal with threats to public safety and property. However, the government's response must be lawful and governed by the standards set out in the U.N. Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials and the U.N. Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials. These principles state that “intentional lethal use of firearms may only be made when strictly unavoidable in order to protect life.”

On August 2, the government shut down Ashti newspaper and the weekly Asu in Kurdistan. Authorities detained Roya Toloui, a leading women's rights activist, at her home in Sanandaj for “disturbing the peace” and “acting against national security.”

On the same day, security forces detained other prominent journalists and human rights defenders at their homes and offices including Azad Zamani, a member of the Association for the Defense of Children's Rights; Mohammad Sadeq Kabudvand, journalist and co-founder of Kurdistan Human Rights Organization; Jalal Qavami, editor of the journal Payam-e Mardom; and Mahmoud Salehi, the spokesman for the Organizational Committee to Establish Trade Unions.

Human Rights Watch called on the Iranian government to immediately and unconditionally release detained journalists, human rights defenders and activists.

Finnish Kurds condemn Iran’s suppressionof Kurdish protests

On 34th day of the uprising of the people of East Kurdistan, the Kurdish community in Finland organised an outsized demonstration protesting the Islamic republic of Iran.

The peaceful demonstration which started at 13.30 local time from the Helsinki railway station to the foreign ministry of Finland. A three person Kurdish delegation visited the representatives of the foreign ministry and informed them on the situation of Iranian Kurdistan. Demonstrators criticised the EU policy on the Kurdish issue and human rights situation in Iran and asked an active role from EU countries. On behalf of the demonstrators the delegation presented to the foreign ministry the below published statement:

We demand justice
We condemn all kinds of violence

We would like attract public opinion of Finland and the Government of Finland’s attention to the
current peaceful protests by civilian Kurds in Iran, and the atrocities of the Islamic Republic against them.

The people of the city of Mahabad closed their shops and did not attend offices, instead organizing a peaceful demonstration to protest the election of Mahmoud Ahmadi Nejad as the president of the Islamic Republic and to condemn the brutal killing of a young Kurd, Shwane Asfaram, on the 9th of July 2005, who was ill treated, pulled behind a car and killed under torture.

In these protests, the Islamic security guards opened fire on the peaceful demonstrations, which left numerous casualties, and a substantial number of demonstrators were detained, who are mistreated and tortured in detention. At least four of the detainees were killed under torture, whose bodies were handed over to their families.

Over last four weeks the cities of Kurdistan have been heavily suppressed and at least 20 people have been killed so far and dozens of people injured by the security forces. The condition of some of the wounded is critical. Hundreds of Kurdish people have been arrested and are facing humiliation and torture. In addition, the population suffered financially, as the businesses were stopped. Now, essential supplies are very limited.

The Kurdish people expected the civilized European democratic countries to take effective action against the atrocities of the Islamic Republic, who suppressed the peaceful demonstration and violated their basic human rights.

We believe that the silent policy of the European countries of the crimes of the Islamic Republic of Iran against the Kurdish people and other Iranian ethnic groups contradicts the very principles of democracy and human rights that the EU promotes and adhere to.

We call the Government of Finland, all international freedom fighters, human rights organisations, international press and journals, to take effective action against the atrocities of Islamic Republic of Iran, who suppressed the peaceful demonstrations and violated their basic human rights.

We therefore urge Finnish Government to pay attention to the following appeals:

1. An independent delegation to be sent to Iran to visit Iran and Kurdistan of Iran to investigate the recent events in Kurdistan

2. The regime of Iran to be condemned for her crimes against the Kurdish people during recent weeks.

3. The regime of Iran to be pressured in order to release all arrested people during last weeks in Kurdistan and their economic losses to be compensated

4. An inquiry by Iran into the current events leading to the killers and torturers of current events in Kurdistan under observation of the EC.

HELSINKI 11th August 2005

Participants of the 11th August demonstration

Kurdish intellectuals in Sinne under threat

London ( 13 August 2005: On Wednesday, the editor in chief of the Kurdish weekly Rojhelat (The East), Huseyin Ahmedi-Niyaz, was arrested by the “Sinne Revolutionary Court” in Eastern Kurdistan.

The arrest came after the recent closure of Rojhelat by the Iranian authorities. Rojhelat was named after the Eastern part of Kurdistan, i.e. Iranian Kurdistan.

In related news, two activists in Sinne were arrested. Celali Behmeni was demonstrating with many others in front of the local council when he was picked up by the authorities. A trade-union activist, Esmayil Kazimi, was also arrested in Sinne on Wednesday according to reports reaching

Kurdish activists such as Ms Ruyayi Tuluyi, Huseyin Ahmedi-Niyaz, Eclal Qewami, Azad Zamani, Madih Ahmedi, Saman Resulpur, Amir Abdulazade, Muhemed Hesenxali, Muhemed Salihi and Simkoyi Pasbar are still in detention.

Ms Ruyayi Tuluyi, editor-in-chief of Rasan and member of the Association for the Defence of Kurdish Women’s Rights is still in detention. She was detained on the 2nd of August on charges of “disturbing the peace” and “acting against national security”. On a pervious occasion, Ms Tuluyi was charged with "spreading falsehoods through foreign media." Ms Tuluyi attended a women’s conference last March organized by Kurdistan-wide women’s organizations sponsored by the Kurdistan government. She has visited Southern Kurdistan a number of times in the last few years.

Huseyin Ahmedi-Niyaz, editor-in-chief of Aso (Horizon) periodical, was released on bail. He was also previously charged with "spreading of falsehoods" when he appeared before court in April 2005.

Azad Zamani, a member of the Association for the Defence of Children’s Rights (ADCR, or Kanoun-e Defa’ az Hoqouq-e Koudekan), was also arrested in Sinne.

Eclal Qewami, a journalist and a member of the editorial board of the journal “Payam-e Mardom” (People’s Message), was arrested at his workplace after agents of Iran’s security forces initially raided his residence. Previously, Qewami was charged with making propaganda for opposition parties and groups and appeared before court in May 2005.

Muhemed Salihi, the spokesman for the Organisational Committee to Establish Trade Unions, was arrested in the early hours of 4th August.

Following the Kurdish demonstrations that have spread all over Eastern Kurdistan since last month, the Iranian authorities have also closed two popular Kurdish journals.

In related news, in Mehab, after the arrest of the human rights activists Saman Resulpur, Zeyineb Bayezidi, Nasir Nizami and Hemid Yahu, two other activists have been arrested. Their names were not available to

In Kamiyaran, the Iranian intelligence agency, the Ettalaat, raided a home and arrested a father and his two sons, Muhemed, Xebat and Fwadi Ebrahimiyan, neighbours informed

In the town of Degolan, the director of the Kurdish Language School and the Leylax Literary Committee, Hebibula Rencberi, was arrested by the Iranian authorities. His whereabouts is not known

Iraqi Kurds protest, saying Iran has detained Kurds

SULAIMANIYA, Iraq, Aug 6 (Reuters) - Kurdish police dispersed hundreds of Kurds protesting outside U.N. offices in northern Iraq on Saturday over reports of detentions of dozens of Iranian Kurds just across the border.

"We support our brothers in Iran and demand that all the detainees are released," one demonstrator, Asso Mustafa, said in Sulaimaniya, adding he had friends among those detained.

Protesters said authorities in Iran had arrested dozens of Kurds over the last 10 days, including public figures well-known as Kurdish rights campaigners, after they had staged protests in favour of Kurdish rights in Iran.

Tensions boiled over in Iran's Kurdish territories last month with rioting in the town of Mahabad. Shortly afterwards, three Iranian policemen were killed in a gun battle with Kurdish separatists.

Iranian officials denied the unrest is ethnically motivated but Kurdish leaders disagree saying their people have been denied basic rights by Tehran.

A recent U.N. report on living standards in Iran has also suggested Iran was denying its ethnic and religious minorities basic amenities.

Iranian officials were not immediately able to comment on the alleged detentions, which were sparking protests in Iraq.

Close family and cultural ties link Kurds on each side of the border.

The demonstrators in Sulaimaniya, which lies close to the Iran, said the protests and arrests took place in the Iranian town of Mahabad and the city of Sanandaj.

They said officials of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), which controls the western side of Iraqi Kurdistan, had tried to stop the Sulaimaniya protests.

PUK is headed by Iraq's President Jalal Talabani.

"We had been trying to get permission to protest for over a week but the Interior Ministry warned us not to," said protester Rafik Fuad.

There were no reports of injuries.

6th of August named as day of protest in East Kurdistan

London ( 05 August 2005: has been informed by local residents of Sinne that the city is calm, but that the atmosphere is highly tense.

According to resident Kurds, army helicopters have been flying very low over the city in order to intimidate the population and gather information on potential protestors, who like most other cities of Eastern Kurdistan have been protesting for the past weeks Iran’s Islamic regime.

One local Kurd informed that the streets were empty in Sinne as the soldiers were covering "every inch" of the city. The resident added that most of the military personnel controlling the city are of Turkic origin.

In related news, the Kurdish party Komala has named Saturday the 6th of August, 2005, to be the demonstration day for the whole of Kurdistan.

“By this action, we demonstrate our strength against the Iranian Islamic government and condemn the latest killing of civilians in Kurdistan. This coming Sunday, close your stores, offices and all the work places,” the communiqué sent to stated.

The communiqué noted the demands of the demonstrators as:

- The officials who ordered the killing of civilians and those who executed the massacre in Mahabad and all the other Kurdish cities should be charged and punished.

- Without any excuses and preconditions, everyone who has been arrested should be released immediately.

- The army from other parts of Iran other than Kurdistan should be removed in order to calm the turbulent situation in Kurdistan.

- The Iranian government should respect the fact that the people have the right to express their opinions and demonstrate, and the people should have a chance to call for their own basic human rights.

Amnesty International calls for an urgent investigation into the killing of demonstrators in Iran

Amnesty International today expressed alarm at the cycle of violence in the Iranian province of Kordestan and neighbouring Kurdish areas, which has reportedly left up to 20 people dead, hundreds wounded. Hundreds of others are believed to have been arrested, including prominent Kurdish human rights defenders and activists.

Amnesty International is urging the Iranian government to promptly initiate an urgent, impartial and independent investigation into these reports. The methods are findings of such an investigation must be made public. Officials suspected of responsibility for human rights violations such as unlawful killings/extrajudicial executions should be brought to justice in accordance with fair trial procedures.

Among those arrested during the disturbance are prominent Kurdish human rights defenders and activists. Dr Roya Toloui, a womens' rights activist, was arrested at her home in Sanandaj on 2 August. According to her husband, who has not been allowed access to her, she is detained on charges of "disturbing the peace" and "acting against national security". Azad Zamani, a member of the Association for the Defence of Children's Rights (ADCR, or Kanoun-e Defa' az Hoqouq-e Koudekan), was also arrested in Sinne. Jalal Qavami, a journalist and a member of the editorial board of the journal Payam-e Mardom, was arrested at his workplace after agents of Iran's security forces initially raided his residence. Mahmoud Salehi, the spokesman for the Organisational Committee to Establish Trade Unions, was arrested in the early hours of 4 August, and the security forces have also closed down two Kurdish newspapers.

Amnesty International is calling on the Iranian authorities to urgently provide the names of all those detained, their current whereabouts, the reasons for their arrest, and details of any charges against them. All detainees must be treated humanely and given prompt access to their lawyer, family and any medical treatment necessary. Anyone who is not to be charged with a recognisably criminal offence must be released immediately and unconditionally.

Following reports that the Iranian government has today deployed large numbers of troops, backed up by helicopter gunships, into the region, Amnesty International calls on the |ranian authorities to ensure that their security forces abide by international standards of conduct of law enforcement. In particular, they must respect and protect the right to life, to freedom from torture and ill-treatment and to freedom from arbitrary arrest.


The unrest began in the town of Mahabad, in early July, following the shooting of Shivan Qaderi, a Kurdish opposition activist, also known as Sayed Kamal Astam, or Astom, and two other Kurdish men, by Iranian forces in the town of Mahabad on 9 July, in circumstances where they may not have posed an immediate threat. The security forces then reportedly tied Shivan Qaderi's body to a Toyata jeep and dragged him in the streets. The local Iranian authorities are reported to have confirmed that a person of this name, "who was on the run and wanted by the judiciary", was indeed shot and killed by security forces at this time, allegedly while trying to evade arrest.

During the days following Shivan Qaderi's death, several thousand Mahabad residents, mainly youths, took to the streets to protest the killings. Since then, demonstrations have erupted in the mainly Kurdish neighbouring towns of Sanandaj, Mahabad, Sardasht, Piranshahr, Oshnavieh, Baneh, Sinne, Bokan and Saqiz. The Iranian state-owned media has reported and confirmed the unrest of the past 3 weeks, but have described the situation as due to "hooligan and criminal elements".

In a letter dated 22 July 2005 the organization wrote to Iran's Interior Minister, Abdolvahed Mousavi-Lari, seeking clarification of the circumstances surrounding the killing of Sayed Kamal Astam, or Astom, also known as Shivan Qaderi , and the arrest of scores of people in Mahabad and the surrounding areas in the days following his death. The organization expressed concern that the killing may have been deliberate and that those detained may not have access to independent lawyers of their choice or their families and that they may be at risk of torture or ill-treatment The Kurds are one of Irans many ethnic minority groups, and number around 10% of the population. They mainly live in the province of Kordistan and neighbouring provinces bordering Turkey and Iraq. A UN report released last week said authorities were denying basic amenities to Iran's ethnic and religious minorities and in some cases seizing land.

Crackdown on Kurdish press following clashes in Kurdistan

Reporters Without Borders today condemned a wave of harassment of Kurdish journalists by local authorities in Iranian Kurdistan, which has been hit by clashes in recent weeks, and the closure of the daily Achti and the weekly Asou at the behest of the ministry of culture and Islamic guidance.

"We condemn this crackdown on the Kurdish press because Iranian Kurdistan has more need than ever of its journalists in these times of great tension," the press freedom organisation said. "We call on the authorities to stop the harassment of Kurdish journalists and to lift the suspension of Achti and Asou."

Asou, which is published in both Kurdish and Farsi, was closed by judicial officials in Sanandaj (the capital of Kurdistan) on 3 August, probably because of its editorial line and its coverage of the events shaking the region.

The closure of Achti followed, probably for the same reasons. Published in Tehran in Kurdish, it had recently received permission to change from a weekly to a daily. The source of the orders for the closure of both newspapers was the ministry of culture and Islamic guidance.

Several journalists are known to have been arrested but, given the many arrests that have taken place in the region, many more are probably being held. Roya Tolou, the editor of the newspaper Resan, was detained by police in Sanandaj on 2 August. Ejlal Ghavami, a journalist with the weekly Payam-e mardom-e Kurdestan, was also arrested the same day.

Other journalists have been summoned to appear before local authorities for reasons that are unknown but probably related to reports published in the past few weeks.

Mohammad Sadegh Kabovand, Payam-e mardom-e Kurdestan's editor, was asked to appear before a court in Sanandaj yesterday. He did appear but without his lawyer, who is none other than Abdolfattah Soltani, who was arrested on the orders of Tehran prosecutor Said Mortazavi on 30 July.

This is not the first time Kabovand has been harassed by local judicial officials. He was arrested and taken before a court in Sanandaj on 15 June 2004 for "spreading separatist ideas and publishing false reports" and the court ordered the closure of his newspaper two weeks later.

String of arrests in volatile Kurdish towns in Iran

Tehran, Iran, Aug. 04 – A number of journalists and human rights defenders have been arrested in towns and cities in western Iran, according to human rights activists in the Iranian capital.

Mahmoud Salehi, the spokesman for the Organizational Committee to Establish Trade Unions, was arrested in the early hours of Thursday. The arrest follows Wednesday’s nabbing of two Kurdish activists in the city of Sanandaj by plainclothes security agents.

Jalal Qavami, a journalist and a member of the editorial board of the journal Payam-e Mardom, was arrested at his place of work after agents of Iran’s dreaded Ministry of Intelligence and Security initially raided his residence. Azad Zamani, an activist in the Association in Defence of Children’s Rights was also arrested in Sanandaj. Previously, Madeh Ahmadi was arrested in the Sanandaj city.

The news comes as the death toll from Wednesday’s clashes between people and State Security Forces in the town of Saqqez reached 13. Official media have been silent on the deaths but several outlets have reported that clashes took place.

According to local hospital officials, authorities have refused to hand over the corpse of seven of those killed that are currently being held at the morgue.

Roya Toloui, the editor of Rassan, a monthly based in Sanandaj, was also recently arrested during a gathering organized in protest against the murder of a young Kurd by Iran’s State Security Forces after she was summoned by the intelligence unit of the SSF on several occasions in the past few months on charges of “disturbing the peace” and “acting against national security”. She had also been accused of “inciting ethnic division”.

Tens of other demonstrators in the volatile Eastern Kurdistan have also been arrested according to eye-witness reports. Many more have been arrested during anti-government protests and clashes throughout the provinces of Kurdistan and Western Azerbaijan.

Iran invades Eastern Kurdistan

The Iranian government has deployed large numbers of troops in cities in the northwestern region which borders Iraq in an effort to quell three weeks of civil unrest that has left up to 20 people dead and more than 300 wounded, according to reports from dissident groups.

They said as many as 100,000 state security forces, backed up by helicopter gunships, had moved into the region to crack down on pro-Kurdish demonstrations.
The claims, from Kurdish groups in Iraq, could not be independently verified, and Iranian officials remained silent about the unrest.

News agencies have reported trouble in the northern areas over the past two weeks, though the scale of the unrest has been unclear.

The protests in the Kurdish areas came after the killing of a Kurdish activist by Iranian security forces in the city of Mahabad on July 9. Since then, anti-regime demonstrations have erupted in the mainly Kurdish towns of Sanandaj, Mahabad, Sardasht, Piranshahr, Oshnavieh, Divandareh, Baneh, Sinne, Bokan and Saqiz.
In the worst violence so far, Iranian security forces are reported to have killed at least 12 Kurdish demonstrators and injured more than 70 in a clash in the city of Saqiz on Wednesday.

Witnesses said the unrest began just before noon as hundreds of protesters attacked a paramilitary outpost with sticks and stones. Government buildings, including the governor's office, were also attacked and some were ransacked.

Protesters then gathered in the main square, chanting "Down with Khamenei", the country's supreme leader.

Witnesses said that security forces responded with live bullets, and some protesters were fired at by helicopters.

Kurdsat, an Iraqi-Kurdish satellite channel based in Sulaimaniyah, reported yesterday that police had detained as many as 1,200 people after the incident.
Further unrest was feared yesterday in Bokan and Sinne, where up to 6,000 special forces soldiers were said to have gathered. Opposition leaders appealed for calm and called for the international community to put pressure on the Iranian authorities to halt the crackdown.

In a statement, the Kurdistan Democratic party of Iran, which is based in Iraq, urged "international organisations, human-rights supporters and the international community to make efforts to stop the bloodshed of the Iranian Kurdish people by the Islamic republic regime of Iran".

"This could turn into yet another tragedy for our people," said Hussein Yazdanpanah, the general secretary of the Revolutionary Union of Kurdistan, who is in exile in the city of Irbil.

"Our people want their rights and to demonstrate and work for them peacefully. But they are being met with a brutal force."

Iranian agents provocateur were moving among the protesters, he said, "ensuring chaos and violence and thereby justifying an extreme reaction from Iranian authorities".

Iran is home to about 6 million Kurds - almost 10% of the population - who say they face discrimination and repression at the hands of the theocratic rulers in Tehran.
A UN report released last Saturday said authorities were denying basic amenities to Iran's ethnic and religious minorities and in some cases seizing land.
"Regions historically occupied by Kurds ... seem to suffer disproportionate inadequacy of services such as water and electricity and unsatisfactory reconstruction efforts," the report concluded.
But Tehran dismisses such charges and is extremely sensitive about any hint of ethnic unrest, particularly by the Kurds. Anti-government demonstrations are dealt with harshly.
Mahabad, where the activist Shwana Sayyed Qadr was killed, was the capital of the short-lived Republic of Kurdistan, established by the Kurdish leader Mustafah Barzani in 1945. It has since become a symbol for Kurdish nationalism.

Six dead in protests in Sinne, Eastern Kurdistan

London ( 02 August 2005: 9 people have been arrested during protests in the Eastern Kurdish city of Sardasht, reported local media and confirmed by local eyewitnesses.

One of those arrested was a 14 year old boy, identified as Erselan Abdullayi, the son of Omer Rasul, resident of the village of Yasin-Awe. It was reported that Abdullayi was tortured in prison, in the form of dripping melting rubber on his body. He is reported to be in a critical condition in a Sardasht hospital.

In related news, hundreds of residents of the Kurdish city of Sinne, Eastern Kurdistan, launched a protest on Monday evening which gradually escalated to most parts of the city. The authorities, according to eyewitnesses, fired live ammunitions on the demonstrators killing six people and wounding dozens. The killed have not been identified yet.

Iran police fire on Kurdish protesters from chopper

Tehran, Iran, Aug. 03 – Iran’s State Security forces opened lethal fire on protesters in the western town of Saqqez from a military helicopter on Wednesday, eye-witnesses reported.

Anti-government protesters set fire to the town’s principal prayer hall and vehicles belonging to the police on Wednesday morning. Various government buildings including the governor’s office were also attacked and the commander of State Security Forces was beaten by protestors. A government agency, Bonyad Panzdah Khordad, was completely ransacked.

Witnesses reported that women took part in great numbers during today’s clashes with the security forces. One witness described how several women attacked policemen who had detained a teenage boy and freed him.

In Hahlou Square, protestors chanted “Down with Khamenei”, referring to Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

In an attempt to contain the unrest, agents of the SSF opened fire on protestors. There were reports of several people being killed by SSF gunfire. By early afternoon, at least 30 people had been arrested.

Today’s unrest in Saqqez started at Oqab Square just before noon as hundreds of protestors attacked a local Bassij post with sticks and stones. The Bassij are paramilitary Islamic vigilantes loyal to the Supreme Leader.

The latest clashes come in the wake of a series of protests that have swept Kurdish towns and cities in Iran for the past weeks. Dozens of protesters have been injured or arrested by government troops in several towns.

Demonstration in Saghez – Eastern Kurdistan

Regime is opening fire to peaceful demonstration
750 arrested in the Sanandaj, 20 women among them

KDPI International Relations received a news telling that there is outsized demonstration in the city of Saghez in Iranian Kurdistan since early morning 3th of August 2005, to support the upraising of the people of Mahabad, Sanandaj, Piranshahr, Sardasht and other cities of Kurdistan and condemning the brutal crimes of the Islamic Republic of Iran against Kurdish people in Iranian Kurdistan.

As previous days the regime’s security guard opened fire to the peaceful demonstration. There are many casualties among demonstrators in Saghez. More details will be published in as soon more information is received

750 arrested in Sanandaj

At least 750 people in Sanandaj were arrested on Monday 1st August, among them 20 women. During inquiring the arrested people have been tortured and humiliated by regime’s security forces.

Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan condemning the brutal act of the Islamic Republic of Iran against Kurdish people in the city of Sanandaj and other Kurdish cities. KDPI appeals all International organizations, human rights supporters and International Community to make there afford in order to stop the blood shed of Iranian Kurdish people by Islamic republic regime of Iran.

Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan - International relations

Martial law declared in Mahabad, tension on the rise

KURDISTAN, July 22 ( - 13 days after the killing of Shivane Qadri, demonstrations are raging on in the city of Mahabad in eastern Kurdistan (northwestern Iran). Two more Iranian soldiers have been reported killed by demonstrators.

The Iranian government has now declared martial law and curfew in the Kurdish city. Demonstrators who defy the curfew are still protesting on the streets. A clash on July the 18th between Kurdish demonstrators and Iranian soldiers left two soldiers dead.

For the first time after 10 years, the Iranian military is now setting up bases inside the city. Bases have been set up at the Independence Square, who has historically witnessed many popular revolutions, and at Shivane Qadri’s home district of Pisttep.

Clashes between people and military are increasing and there is no more tranquility in the city, Kurdish news agency MHA’s war correspondent Sherko Mehabadi reported. Iranian soldiers have unsuccessfully tried to clamp down on the protesters, leaving tens of protesters and soldiers injured.

Iranian security forces have also cut off the water in the Fergengiyan district and the gas in the Teppey-Qazi district, local sources report. Security forces have until now arrested more than 200 demonstrators and the few who have been released report intensive torture of the arrested protesters, including themselves.

Iranian soldiers and police are now patrolling the streets in the hunt for demonstrators. Groups of more than three are being scattered brutally and during curfew, which starts at 22:00 (10 pm) every evening, groups more than three are being arrested.

Eastern Kurdistan has not felt this tense since the 80s. This has led to the governor of Mahabad threatening the Kurdish people in radio and TV statements, saying, "Stop the demonstrations! You don’t want the 80s back, I assure you".

Condemnation of the Iranian state’s repressive policy towards the Kurdish people in Iranian Kurdistan

Since the killing of Shuana Kadri, a Kurdish activist, on Saturday July the 13th by the Pastaram in the city of Mahabad, Iranian Kurdistan, the people of this city have come every day to the streets in order to protest against the Iranian state’s oppressive policy towards the Kurds.

They expressed their demands for democracy, their national and cultural rights but the suppressive forces of the regime have attacked these demonstrations and about 100 people have been killed, arrested or crippled.

The city is surrounded by the military forces of the Islamic regime and people currently have no possibility to continue their normal life, but it should be mentioned that at the same time the people have reacted to this suppression in different ways and chanted slogans in which they demanded democracy, human rights and other democratic rights.

Iranian officials have answered to these demands and demonstrations with nothing but yet more oppression, killings and arrests.

Continuation of the above mentioned demonstrations in Mahabad has resulted in the spread of the demonstrations to other cities in Iranian Kurdistan. During the last few days, people in the cities of Piranshar, Sardajd, Mariwan, Rabat, Bokan, Narada, Ushnauia, Urumia, Salmaz, as well as Sanandaj and Kirmanshah through different means have demonstrated and shown their support to the people of Mahabad and their just demands.

According to different Kurdish sources these demonstrations are becoming ever bigger. The Islamic forces use gas, guns and other illegal methods to suppress those demonstrations and the Kurdish people. The regime has now enforced a kind of military order all over Iranian Kurdistan.

According to different sources hundreds of people in other cities have also been arrested and wounded, and those who have been wounded cannot be transported to hospitals because they are afraid and are in a difficult situation.

We, Norwegian Kurds, would like to express our support for the peaceful demonstrations in Mahabad and other cities of Iranian Kurdistan, and condemn the oppressive policy of the Iranian state against these peaceful demonstrations of the people.

At the same time we demand:

1-Those who have killed Shvana Kadri, to face the justice.

2-Those who have been arrested during the recent demonstrations and other political prisoners should unconditionally be released as soon as possible.

3-The oppressive forces which have surrounded the cities in Iranian Kurdistan should immediately withdraw back to their military barracks, and leave the cities.

4-As we are very worried about what will happen, we ask that a Norwegian delegation travels to Iranian Kurdistan as soon as possible in order to prepare a report about and assess the situation in Iranian Kurdistan.

5-The right to holding peaceful demonstrations and gatherings, which is a fundamental human right, to be respected and granted to the people of Iranian Kurdistan.

6-The Norwegian Parliament, the Norwegian state, and humanitarian organizations in Norway to press the Iranian regime by all means possible to recognize the national and cultural rights of the Kurdish people in Iranian Kurdistan.

7- The international community, and especially the UN Security Council, to react against the state’s oppressive policy in the Kurdish areas in Iran in order not to allow a new humanitarian catastrophe to take place as seen in Yugoslavia and Darfur in Sudan.

Oslo, 22 July 2005

Havkari - Coordinating centre of the Kurdish political parties and associations in Norway)

Iranian gov. tries to cut off Mahabad from the outside world

KURDISTAN, July 18 ( - Connections to the Internet in the city of Mahabad in eastern Kurdistan are being cut off due to the violent protests in the city, according to the Kurdish news agency MHA.

The Iranian government are trying to cut off the Kurdish city from the rest of the world by controlling all Internet and telephone connections. People who have tried to call the Kurdish radio channel "Denge Mezopotamya" (Voice of Mesopotamia) to give them information about the ongoing protests, have been arrested and are being interrogated by Iranian intelligence.

The only channels to report about the ongoing protests to the outside world are the Kurdish satellite TV-channel Roj TV, the Kurdish radio channel "Denge Mezopotamya" (Voice of Mesopotamia) and the Kurdish news agency MHA. The Iranian government is therefore trying to cut off all communications between the people in Mahabad and the named Kurdish channels and news agency.

The radio channel "Denge Mezopotamya" is the main target of the Iranian government and all communications to this channel are monitored or cut off. According to anonymous official sources, everybody who has called to the radio station during the last two years are being investigated and called up for interrogation.

The protests in Mahabad against the killing of the PJAK sympathizer Shiwane Qadri continues.

Demonstrations, protests spread from Mahabad to other cities in Eastern Kurdistan

Antigovernment protests and demonstrations that began Tuesday following the hideous murder of a young man, Seyyed Kamal Seyyed Ghader (Shwan) in Mahabad (western Iran), continued for the seventh day running on Saturday. A large number of government vehicles, banks and buildings were set ablaze by enraged residents during clashes and protests.

On Friday, young people staged gatherings in different parts of the town, including Mollajani district. Chanting antigovernment slogans, they set tires on fire and put up barricades to thwart the security forces’ advance.

Despite the dispatch of hundreds of special anti-riot forces from the neighboring towns of Bonab, Sanandaj, Miandoab, Orumieh and Naghadeh, young people and women demonstrated and chanted antigovernment slogans, demanding that those responsible for the grisly murder last week be identified and punished.

State Security Forces (SSF) fired tear gas volleys and used truncheons to disperse the angry crowd in the town’s Esteghlal (Independence) Square, but faced stiff resistance, as youths hurled rocks at the suppressive forces. Several protesters, including a woman, were wounded due to tear gas explosion and a young man was shot and wounded.

A large number of youths covered their faces, while marching from Esteghlal Square to Azadi junction in the city, chanting “death to Khamenei, down with the mullahs’ regime,” and blocking the surrounding streets. They also beat up Revolutionary Guardsman Haj Baharmi, a special envoy of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who threatened to kill the protesters. An SSF commander was killed during the unrest on Saturday.

Fearing a backlash, the SSF has stayed away from many districts, including Esteghlal, Bagh-e Sheigan and Posht-Tappeh, instead firing tear gas and shooting in the air to terrorize, intimidate and disperse the protesters. In an act of vengeance, the suppressive forces raided a number of homes and inflicted damage on them.

On Friday, people in the town of Boukan staged a protest to voice support for the people of Mahabad and clashed with the suppressive forces and Intelligence Ministry agents. During the clashes, several people were injured and at least 20 arrested, including Hassan Aman-ollah and Kamal Parvizian.

During protests in the city of Marivan, 13 were arrested by the SSF. To prevent the spread of the protest, the suppressive forces were deployed in many streets and junctions and set up bunkers in other areas. A similar demonstration took place in Sanandaj (Kurdistan Province’s capital). In Boukan, Saqqez and Marivan, the SSF and plainclothes officers were deployed and conducted patrols citywide.

The Iranian Resistance’s President-elect Maryam Rajavi hailed the people of Mahabad, Boukan, Sanandaj, Marivan and other cities in Kurdistan Province and urged people in other regions to rush to their aid. Mrs. Rajavi said the weeklong uprising by the people of Mahabad despite an atmosphere of absolute repression was a clear sign of the Iranian people’s resolve to overthrow the clerical regime and establish democracy in Iran. She called on different countries and all international human rights organs to condemn the brutal suppression of the people of Mahabad and take urgent action to save the lives of those arrested.

People of Sanandaj stage demonstration against mullahs' suppressive policies in Kurdistan

Monday evening, a large number of residents in the city of Sanandaj, Eastern Kurdistan, staged a march in protest against the clerical regime's suppressive policies, particularly the brutal and bloody crackdown of demonstrators last week in Mahabad, Sardasht, Piranshahr, Oshnavieh, Divandareh and Baneh held in protest to the torture and grisly murder of a Kurdish activist, Seyyed Kamal Seyyed Ghader (a.k.a Showaneh).

In solidarity with the demonstrators, a large number of shop owners closed their shops and the city's Bazaar. Chanting antigovernment slogans, residents demonstrated in Isteqlal (Independence) and Nobovat squares, Safari, sixth of Bahman, Taj Ferdows, Shapour, Farah, and Vakil streets, as well as Gendarmerie, Namaki and Bardasht districts.

The clerical regime had put all its suppressive forces in Sanandaj on alert and dispatched special anti-riot units as reinforcement from Isfahan and Kermanshah to the city.

Fearing the spread of the protest, the State Security Forces (SSF) and anti-riot units attacked the demonstrators and opened fire on them. A number of people, including two children, were killed and dozens wounded.

Despite the brutality, protesters clashed with the SSF. The confrontation spread to Pasdaran, Ferdowsi, Hassan Abad, Keshavarz, Abidar, Sharif-abad, Shapour and Telgani streets as well as Kurdistan Boulevard. The most intense clashes erupted under the city's main bridge, Mullah Veisi.

In the clashes, district 21 police precinct, several SSF vehicles and motorcycles were set on fire. A number of government offices and banks, including the central branch of Iran's National Bank, were damaged. Special anti-riot units arrested dozens of young people and took them to unknown locations.

Iran: Clashes erupt in Mahabad, SSF vehicle set on fire

Mahabad, Iran, Jul. 16 – Unrest continued in the north-western town of Mahabad, Iranian Kurdistan province, last night, with clashes erupting between locals and State Security Forces, following a week of similar anti-government protests which flared up after news broke out of the brutal murder of a young Kurdish man by the SSF.

Yesterday evening, close to 1,000 people gathered in the main path leading to Independence Square and started to march forward. They were joined quickly by several thousand of the local population and together they started chanting anti-government slogans and burning tyres. As they crowded Independence square, chants of “Death to Khamenei” could be heard, referring to the clerical state’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

Chants of “Shoan, we will continue your struggle” echoed in the square.

On Sunday, agents of the SSF opened fire on Shoan Qaderi and two of his friends in an avenue near Independence Square. The security forces then proceeded with tying Qaderi’s body to a Toyota jeep and while driving dragged him in streets, according to eye-witnesses.

Witnesses said that the act was carried out because Qaderi was active in anti-government protests and authorities wanted to intimidate the local population to prevent further demonstrations in the volatile city.

Minutes after Qaderi’s body was dragged throughout the town, several hundred angry residents gathered in nearby streets and started to chant anti-government slogans.

Last night’s demonstration was met with swift and fierce retribution by anti-riot forces already stationed there to prevent a re-emergence of dissent. The SSF fired live rounds and tear gas to disperse the crowd. Several protestors including a child were gravely wounded and were driven to a local hospital by fellow demonstrators. A number of SSF agents were also injured. At least a dozen people were detained and taken to unknown locations.

Gasoline was poured onto the ground and set alight at several locations surrounding the square to stop the sting of the tear gas.

As the violence escalated, protestors set an SSF vehicle and several nearby government buildings on fire. Clashes ensued until well after midnight.

Several hundred people have been arrested over the past week during numerous hit-and-run clashes and house-to-house raids.

Several other large anti-government demonstrations have rocked the town of Mahabad in recent month.

Senior commander killed in Iran clashes

Tehran, Iran, Jul. 17 – A senior paramilitary police commander was killed last night in the course of clashes between anti-government demonstrators and security forces in Iran’s Kurdish town of Mahabad, the state-run television reported on Sunday.

“In the wake of the unrest of the past few days, last night one of the commanders of the State Security Forces was stabbed to death in the town by an assailant”, Iran’s Channel 2 TV station reported this evening.

The report added that the provincial security council met today to study ways of bringing the situation under control.

“Government offices, homes and cars have been damaged in the course of the incidents that have occurred in Mahabad in the past few days”, the television said.

Last Sunday, agents of the State Security Forces opened fire on Shovan Qaderi and two of his friends in the town of Mahabad. The security forces then tied Qaderi’s body to a Toyota jeep and dragged him in the streets, according to eye-witnesses.

Since then, several hundred people in Mahabad have been arrested during numerous hit-and-run clashes and house-to-house raids.

Tension in Mahabad like ordeal

MAHABAD, Iran (DIHA) - Street protests have still keeping on in Mahabad, since a Kurdish youth, Şiwane Qadri, was killed by Iranian security forces.

Mahabad has been witnessing demonstrations since Şiwane Qadri was shot wounded by Iranian security forces and then abandoned to death after dragged on the ground in a state of being wounded. Yesterday, Mecbur Awa County added to the places in which protests have been raising.

Approximately 2000 people gathering in Mecbur Awa, held a-theere-hour demonstration with Kurdish flags, shouting against the current Iranian regime and carrying the pictures of Qadri along the. The demonstrators also kindled fires and condemned newly elected Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmedinejat with a harsh wording.

Meanwhile security forces did not intervene in street protests yesterday though they had intermeddled in demonstrations and detained dozens of youths at Tuesday night.

Thousands in Mahabad protests the killing of young Kurd

KURDISTAN, July 12 ( - Thousands of Kurds protested the murder of the Kurdish youth Shivane Qadri by Iranian Pasdarans and paramilitary Village Guards in the city of Mahabad in eastern Kurdistan.

Demonstrations have been held at the ’Independence Square’, ’Freedom Square’, Felekeya Sida, Sima, Mela Cami and Mewlewi in the city of Mahabad. Thousands of Kurds have joined the demonstrations. Kurdish youth have also attacked the home of the Kurdish Islamic cleric Mullah Sohrabi who is known for his close ties to the Iranian government.

Shivane Qadri was killed on July 9 in the district of ’Pisttep’ in Mahabad. Iranian troops together with 60 Kurdish paramilitary Village Guards had approached Qadri and a group of young Kurds sitting by a small fountain. Qadri had stood up and greeted the soldiers and asked them what was going on. The troops had shot Qadri in the foot without any warning.

"When he approached the soldiers, he was shot in the foot. He tried to escape telling the soldiers not to shoot. But they shot him again but this time in the stomach. A third shot hit him close to the groin. He was still alive and the soldiers tied him to a military vehicle and dragged him around the city", Qadri’s brother Ebubekir Qadri said to the Kurdish news agency MHA.

Shivane Qadri was known as a leader among the Kurdish youth and had organized protests against the Iranian government. During the recent presidential elections in Iran, he had organized the destruction of ballots in three different voting centrals in Mahabad to protest the elections, which most Kurds in East Kurdistan boycotted.

"The state is trying to scare the Kurdish youth by killing Shivane. But Shivane became a greater symbol and the youth is on their feet now", a youth who called himself ’Hiwa’ told MHA.

Protests against the killing of Shivane are continuing in Mahabad. Hundreds of militant youths have organized attacks against homes of Kurdish collaborators working with the Iranian government. A spokesman for the youth states that they have taken precautions against Iranian military and police operations against the youth and that they will continue with their protests and actions.

Iran Security Forces Kill Youth At Point Blank, Drag Body In Town

Mahabad, (Eastern Kurdistan), Jul. 12 – Iran’s State Security Forces on Sunday opened fire at youths in the north-western volatile Kurdish town of Mahabad, leaving one young man dead and several others injured.

A group of friends were walking at an avenue in Independence Square in Mahabad at 22:30, when they were approached and attacked by an SSF convoy, plain-clothed Islamic vigilantes, and a number of agents of Iran’s dreaded Ministry of Intelligence and Security (VEVAK), according to several eye-witnesses.

The SSF fatally shot a young man by the name of Shoan Qaderi and critically injured two other individuals.

The security forces then proceeded with tying Qaderi’s body to a Toyota jeep and while driving dragged it in streets, according to the witnesses.

“This barbaric and inhumane act was carried out to scare everybody so that they stop their anti-government protests”, said one witness, who requested to remain anonymous.

“Shoan was always active in demonstrations against the regime. Whenever there was a protest, he was always on the frontlines”, said another witnessed, who claimed that he was a friend of Qaderi.

Minutes after Qaderi’s body was dragged throughout the town, several hundred local angry residents gathered in nearby streets and started to chant anti-government slogans.

Anti-riot police were brought in from the neighbouring towns of Miandoab and Naqadeh to stop the escalation of protests.

Several large anti-government demonstrations have rocked the town of Mahabad in recent month.

Residents believe that with the arrival of ultra-conservative Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as the new President of Iran, security forces will have a freer reign to suppress dissent.

Ahmadinejad recently rejected a request by Kurdish Members of Parliament to allow ethnic Kurds into his cabinet.


Erbil, 14 July (AKI) - Shops and businesses in the Kurdish Iranian city of Mahabad remained shut on Thursday in a protest, the latest by residents, against the killing of a young Kurdish man by Iranian security forces last week. The shooting of Shawna Qadiri on Saturday, 9 July, has raised tensions in Mahabad, prompting Kurdish authorities in the Iraqi city of Erbil to discuss teh incident.
Mahabad was the site of the first independent Kurdish republic in history. Formed in 1946, its existence ended after just nine months when the then Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, abolished it followed by the retreat of Soviet forces from Iranian territory at the end of World War II.

Iran puts pressure on Kurdish cities in East Kurdistan

London ( 15 July, 2005: After the killing of Shwane Qadiri on Saturday in the district of ’Pisttep’ in the city of Mahabad, Eastern Kurdistan, thousands of Kurds have launched protests lasting up to today.

The Iranian intelligence forces, the Etelaat, have arrested two people, Hussein Amanulla and Kemal Perwyiziyane, in the Kurdish city of Bokan. At the same time, the Iranian intelligence agency has attacked several neighbourhoods to arrest 15 people, according to a communiqué issued by the Revolutionary Union of Kurdistan (Yeketi Shorishgerani Kurdistan) on Thursday, as reported by the online Kurdish news website The arrested are aged between 13 and 25 years old and were today transported from the Ettelaat prison to the court.

In related news, stated that in the city of Meriwan the Ettelaat has asked the private communication centres, where people make phone calls abroad, to provide the names of those who make phone calls abroad. The centres have been instructed by the Ettelaat that from now and on, they have to keep record of anyone who makes international call and provide these records on regular bases to the intelligence services.

Sayyid Kemal Asferem, known as Shivane Qadri, was killed on 9 July 2005 in the district of ’Pisttep’ in the city of Mahabad. Qadiri, with two other young Kurdish men were sitting around a spring in the Shiyegan in the village of Hemzawa, when the Iranian troops together with 60 Kurdish paramilitary Village Guards surrounded him. Qadiri tried to escape in his car, but the troops fired at him and injured him.
According to local sources, he then tried with the help of the people to escape again, but was shot once more. The Iranian soldiers captured him, kicked him with their boots and drove over him with a motorbike. A rope was then tied around his waist and the other end of the rope to a military car. The soldiers then pulled him all the way to the next town, Urmiya. The Revolutionary Union of Kurdistan (Yeketi Shorishgerani Kurdistan) has stated that Qadiri was one of their members.

For related news see: Thousands in Mahabad protests the killing of young Kurd

Photos of Kurdish man killed by security forces in northwest Iran

Iran FocusLondon, Jul. 14 – Iran Focus has obtained several before-and-after photos of Shoan Qaderi, a young Iranian Kurd from the north-western town of Mahabad, who was gunned down by State Security Forces and then hung from the back of a Toyota jeep which was driven in nearby streets on Sunday.According to witnesses the act was carried out because Qaderi was active in anti-government protests and authorities wanted to intimidate the local population to prevent further demonstrations in the volatile city.Minutes after Qaderi’s body was dragged throughout the town, several hundred angry residents gathered in nearby streets and started to chant anti-government slogans.

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